01 Center for Astrophysics

Director: Professor Zhou, Youyuan

The center was founded in 1972 and fosters 
research in wide fields of Astrophysics and Theoretical 
physics.  As attached to the China Center of IUE 
Satellite Data, the Center seeks to promote significant 
advances and research in these fields.
Research Areas:  Cosmology; Large structure of 
the universe; Active galactic nuclei; Close binaries; 
Compact stars; High energy astrophysics; Radiation 
processes in astrophysics; General relativity and 
Professors: Cheng, Fuzhen; Chu, Yaoquan; Lu, 
Jufu; Wang, Renchuan; Zhang, Jialu

Center for Children's Amblyopia and 
Director: Professor Shou, Tiande

The center is a combination of basic research and 
clinical application in vision and clinical visual 
electrophysiology improves diagnosis and therapy 
which are of high occurrence among children. Now the 
center tries to provide earlier treatment for 
youngsters, which is widely accepted.
Research Areas:  Diagnosis and therapy of 
children's amblyopia and strabismus; Pattern evoked 
potential in children's amblyopia.
Faculty: Chen, Linyi; Shou, Tiande; Zhou,Yifeng

Center of Nonlinear Science
Director:  Gu, Chaohao, CAS Member
Executive Directors:  Wang, Kelin; Li, 
Yisheng, 	Guo, Guangcan

This is the southern  headquarters for the National 
Basic Research Project "Nonlinear Science". The 
Center is comprised of five research groups--Integral 
System Theory, Nonlinear Dynamics, Nonlinear 
Physics, Factual Theory, Theoretical Physics.  As 
Nonlinear science is a frontier discipline crossing 
fundamental science, the Center brings together 
professors from the departments of Mathematics, 
Physics, Chemistry, Modern Physics, and Material 
Science as well as the Center of Fundamental Physics.  
The faculty in turn offers wide-ranging scientific 
research cooperation with faculty members in more 
than ten departments on the campus.  Since its 
inception in 1989, the Center has attained 
achievements in scientific research, ranking first place 
in domestic scientific research of nonlinear science 
and theoretical physics.  The Center is an important 
influence in the field throughout the world.
Research Areas:  Mathematical theory of 
integrable system, the physical property of solitons; 
Chaos theory of nonintegrable system; Quantum chaos, 
coherent structure and chaotic phenomena in plasma; 
New representation of quantum mechanics; Elementary 
particle physics; Nonlinear optics.
Professors:  Cheng, Yi; Ding,Weixing; Fan, 
Hongyi; Gu, Chaohao; Gu, Yan; Guo, Guangcan; Li, 
Yisheng; Wang, Binghong; Wang, Kelin; Xin, Houwen; 
Yan, Mulin; Yu, Changxuan; Zeng,,Yunbo; Zhu, 

Center for Petroleum Study
Director: Professor Xu, Guoming

Main Activities: Petroleum exploration and 
development are involved in many science and 
technology fields.  Consequently, interdisciplinary 
knowledge is required to solve the problems with 
which the oil fields encounters.  The center was 
established in 1994 to promote cooperation among 
faculty members from various departments of USTC 
and engineers from oil fields and petroleum industry in 
conducting such basic and applied research. 
Research Area: Petroleum geology; New theory; 
method and technique in petroleum exploration; New 
technique in petroleum production and transportation
Professors: Chen, Guoliang; Cheng, Shuxia; Kong, 
Xiangfu; Li, Yongshi; Liu, Deliang; Liu, Zhengkai; Shi, 
Xinjue; Sun, Demin; Wang, Xiaojun; Xu, Guoming; Xu, 
Peixia; Xue, Xingren; Zhou, Guangquan

Fast Electronics Laboratory
Director:  Professor Wang, Yanfang

The laboratory mainly focuses on high-speed data 
acquisition and real-time signal processing.  Courses 
for undergraduates and graduates include Fast 
electronics, Bus and Interfaces, Computer 
programming languages and Digital signal processing 
in experimental systems.
Research Areas:  Design, development and 
application of high-speed (200 Mega samples per 
second and up) wave form digitizer; Transient 
recorders; Digital signal processing systems; Data 
acquisition software; Real-time software development.
Professors: An, Qi; Liu, Songqiang; Wang, 

Information Processing Center
Director:  Professor Liu, Zhenkai

Established in 1984, the center attracts research in 
a variety of areas, offering facilities equipped with the 
following techniques:  VAX8700, VAX-11/750, SUN-
3, Sun Sparc, DEC5000 Computers, and IIS Image 
Processing  System.  Full-time faculty includes 1 
professor and 6 associate professors. 
Research Areas: Image processing; Geographic 
Information System(GIS); Remote sensing; Neural 
network; Computer vision; Pattern recognition; Image 
restoration and reconstruction; Computer graphics; 
Multi-media communications. 

Institute of Applied Mechanics
Director:  Professor Wu, Xiaoping

The institute was founded in 1991 for the 
promotion of frontier research in applied mechanics.  
A number of fundamental research projects, sponsored 
by the National Natural Science Foundation, the 
Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the State 
Commission of Education, are carried on.  The 
Institute also pays great attention to interdisciplinary 
studies, to put mechanics theory into practical 
applications and to connect projects with industry.
Research Areas:  Unsteady flow; Shock and 
vortex dynamics; Multiphase flow and flow in porous 
media; Macro- and meso-mechanics of solids; 
Mechanics of composites; Constitutive models of 
materials; Impact dynamics; Damage mechanics; 
Nonlinear vibration; Experimental mechanics and 
numerical methods. 

Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Director:  Professor Zhang, Zuosheng

The institute is a cross-disciplinary academic 
organization for research and product development on 
the intercourse of engineering and life sciences.  Six 
full-time professors and over twenty associate 
professors are engaged in research activities. Over the 
years, eight books and more than three-hundred papers 
have been published from research at the Institute, and 
over ten research achievements have received state 
awards.  The Institute has become an important base for 
the development of biomedical engineering in China.
Research Areas:  Biocybernetics; Medical signal 
processing; Information processing and feedback of 
brain signals; Cardiograph work station; Vision 
information processing; Ultrasonic medical, 
engineering; Intelligent medical instruments; 

Institute of High Precision 
Honorary Director:  Dr. T. Uyemura, 
University of 	  Tokyo
Director:  Dr. Li, Ming

Founded in 1984, the institute encourages the study 
in a broad range of high precision technology areas 
covered by its seven research laboratories, namely, the 
Ultra-Precision Engineering, Vibration and Dynamic 
Measurement, Intelligent Machinery, Ergonomic 
Engineering, Opto-electronical Techniques, High 
Speed Photonics, and Ultra-Precision Cutting 
Research Areas:  Ultra-precision cutting; Ultra-
precision Measurement; AFM and STM; Opto-
electronic techniques; Micro machinery and micro 
sensors; Vibration and its engineering application; 
High speed photography and image processing; 
Ergonomics; Precision surface hardening; CAD 
technique; Robot and automatic control technique; 
Precision machine design; Process monitoring and 
fault diagnosis.

Institute of Industrial Automation
Director:  Professor Sun, Demin

Research Areas:  Control theory; Advanced 
control in industrial processes; Simulation of 
petrochemical industrial process; Pattern recognition 
and its application in oil exploration and other fields; 
Application of microcomputers.

Institute of Information and Decision 
Director:  Professor Luo, Kuang

The institute is divided into four research sections 
with collective research facilities provided by the 
Institute's Computer Information Processing 
Research Sections:  Information and decision 
methods; Competitive intelligence tracing; Market 
survey and forecasting; Information storage and 
Research Areas:  Operations research; 
Management science; Information science; 
Competitive intelligence; Scientific writing; Editology; 
Chinese literature; Decision science; Economic DSS; 
S&T editology.
Professors:  Hou, Dingpi; Li, Zhengzhong; Si, 
Youhe; Tang, Shukun; Wang, Mingzhao; Xu, Xiwen;

Institute of Intelligence and 
Information Technology
Director:  Professor Zhuang, Zhenquan
Research Areas:  Artificial neutral network; 
Intelligent computer; Fuzzy electronic engineering; 
VLSI CAD; Image and graphic processing; Computer 
animation; Multimedia technology; Speech 
information processing; Video technology; 
Transportation management system; Computer network 
and Computer management system. 
Professors:  Dai, Beiqian; Zhuang, Zengquan

Institute of Management Sciences
Director:   Professor Zhang, Yungang
Deputy directors:  Chu, Hsuehlin; Chen, 

Research Areas:  Theory of investment; 
International finance; Decision models; High-
technology management; Research and development 
management; Evaluation of assets; Forecast 
methodology; Management information systems; 
Management science; Investment decision making; 
Quality control; Forecast methodology; Management 
of modern enterprise; University management; 
Computer management software; Industrial 
management; Micro-control networking; Bio-
engineering instruments; Computer system simulation.
Professors:  Chen, Fang; Chen, Xiaojian; Chu, 
Hsuehlin; Liang, Liang; Lin, Keming; Zhang, Shimian; 
Zhuang, Guoqiang; Zhuang, Hongmian

Institute of Microstructure
Director:   Professor Xin, Houwen

Main research at the laboratory focuses on the 
relationship between the microstructure of matter and 
its physical and chemical properties.  Important 
research is underway on the theory of fractal and its 
applications in the microstructure of matter.
Research Areas:  Structure and electronic 
properties of quantum semiconductor crystallites; 
Precision measurement system; Theoretical studies of 
hyperfine structure in radicals; Excited-states of small 
molecules; Radical theory of nonfree ions and its 
applications; Bounds study and applications; 
Multilayer, X-ray absorption; Fine structure; 
Nanometer structure and property; Molecular spectra 
and molecular structure; Intermolecular force and its 
application; Synchrotron radiation application on 
optical spectroscopy; Optical properties of cluster and 
nanoscale materials; Synthesis structure and properties 
of solid state electrolyte; Surface science; 
Synchrotron radiation applications; Theoretical 
inorganic chemistry and bioinorganic chemistry; 
Nature of localized states of polymer electrets; 
Electrical properties of polymers.
Professors: Fan, Chongzheng; He, Tianjing; Huang, 
Minbao; Huang, Wenhao; Li, Tianmin;  Liu, Fanchen; 
Liu, Wenhan; Qian, Yitai; Shi, Chaoshu; Wang, Dazhi; 
Wu, Ziqin; Xin, Houwen; Xu, Pengshou; Zheng, 
Nengwu; Zhang, Xingyuan

Institute of Molecular Biophysics
Director:   Professor Shi, Yunyu

To understand the structural principles that underlie 
the specific function of proteins and their genes is the 
fundamental problem of molecular biology.  
Knowledge gained in this area is based on structure 
determination and investigations into the relationship 
between structure and function using X-ray 
Crystallography, NMR and computer simulation.  The 
long term goal of the institute is to promote the 
rational design of protein and drugs. 
Research Areas:  Protein stability; Electrostatic 
properties of protein; Enzymatic reaction and 
interaction between protein, Nucleic acid and begand; 
NMR of biomacromolecule, Molecular dynamics 
simulation of protein and nucleic acid; Protein 
crystallography; Nuclide acid crystallography; 
Molecular dynamics simulation of protein and nucleic 
Current Projects:  Molecular design of glucose; 
Crystal structure determination and investigation of 
relationship between structure and function for 
DNA-drug complex; Crystal structure determination of 
toxin from snake venom; Multidimensional NMR 
studying structure and function of protein and peptide; 
Computer simulation of proteins, Molecular design 
and modeling.
 Professors:  Niu, Liwen; Shi, Yunyu; Teng, 
Maikun; Wang, Cunxin

Institute of Natural Science History 
Director:  Professor He, Zuoxiu
Deputy Director:  Professor Li, Zhichao

The institute grants both master and doctorate 
degrees in Science History.  Its research climate 
offers a unique perspective for analyzing the 
relationship between science and technology and 
social culture.
Research Areas:  History of physics; History of 
scientific ideas; History of Chinese science and 
technology; Ancient international science and 
technology exchange of China. 
Current Projects:  Newton's "Principle"; Taoist 
science practice; Historical literature of physics from 
pre- Qin-Han period and related lingual study; 
Influence of traditional Chinese astronomy in foreign 
countries; History of Ming-Qing period mathematics 
and astronomy; History of Chinese traditional arts; 
History of Kingdom Qi science and technology; 
Ancient Chinese botany manuals.
Faculty: Hu, Huakai; Li, Zhichao;  Qian, Linzhao; 
Shi, Yunli; Zhang, Binglun;  Zheng, jianjian	

Institute of Quantum Chemistry
Director:  Professor Xin, Houwen
The Laboratory is principally concerned with the 
Quantum Theory of Molecules and its applications in 
chemistry.  Key research is conducted on nonlinear 
phenomena in Chemistry and its applications.
Research Areas:  Molecular spectra and 
molecular structure; Theoretical studies of hyperfine 
structure in radicals; Theoretical studies of excited-
states of small molecules; Theoretical inorganic 
chemistry and bioinorganic chemistry.
Professors: He, Tianjing; Huang, Mingbao; Li, 
Tianmin; Liu, Fanchen;  Xin, Houwen; Zheng, Nengwu

Institute of Science and Technology 
Strategy and World Development
Director:  Professor Sun, Xianyuan

The Institute is a trans-departmental cooperation 
facilitating investigation of the integral role of science 
and technology in international relations.  Research is 
conducted in the areas of World Economy, Science 
and Technology Strategy, Cultural Ecology, System 
Analysis and World Affairs.
Research Areas:  Statistic theory and modeling; 
Philosophy of science and technology; Dialectic logic; 
Science and technology strategy and international 
relations; Theory and method of high-tech; Ecology 
and global changes.
Professors: Fong, Jiangyuan; Luan, Yuguang;  
Miao, Boqi; Sun, Xianyuan; Zhou, Yi

Institute of Signal Statistical 
Director:  Wang, Yue,  CAS Member
	and CAES (Chinese Academy of 
	Engineering 	Sciences) Member
Deputy Directors:	Professor Shen, 
Fenglin; 	Professor Tan, Jiang

The Institute was founded jointly by the University 
of Science and Technology of China and the 206 
Institute of the Ministry of Defense Industry to provide 
a facility for both research and training in the field of 
Signal Statistical Processing.
Research Areas:  Theories and techniques of 
Adaptive signal processing; Array signal processing; 
Nonlinear signal processing; Biomedical engineering.
Current Projects:  ECG Map and Holter ECG 
Data compression; Multidimensional ECG detection 
technique and infarction identification; ADBF theory 
and applications; Multi-radar signal processing; Theory 
of higher order statistics; Theory of nonlinear signal 
processing and applications.

Institute of Solid State Chemistry and 
Inorganic Membranes
Director:   Professor Meng, Guangyao      

Research Areas: Solid state ionics and solid 
electrochemical applications; Chemical synthesis 
(Sol- gel, CVD etc.) and characterization of inorganic 
membranes and their application in separation 
technology, Membrane reactors and environment; 
Ceramic gas sensing materials and devices; Synthesis 
and properties of advanced materials (nano-materials, 
thin films and coatings, Technic ceramics, Single 
Professors: Meng, Guangyao; Mu, Jimei; Peng, 
Dingkun; Ruan, Yaozhong; Shen, Yusheng; Yu, Wenhai; 
Zeng, Huanxing

Institute of  SUN-USTC
Director:   Professor Chen, Yiyun

The Sun-USTC Institute was founded in March 
1994.  It is a join-venture between USTC and the SUN 
Japan Corporation.  It is engaged in research  and 
development of software techniques and various kinds 
of computer application systems.  Transferring  
computer technology into software products is a major 
Research area: Software tools and environment, 
Computer network and  communication, Management 
information system, Expert system, Theoretical 
aspects of computer science, Multimedia technology.
Professors: Chen, Guoliang; Chen, Yiyun; Li, 
Jingshen; Sun, Shuling; Zhang, Shirong

Institute of Superconductivity
Director:  Wu, Hangshen, CAS Member
Deputy directors:  Zhang, Yuheng; Chen 
Zhaojia;	Cao, Liezhao

The Institute for Superconductivity of USTC was 
founded in 1987 for the purpose of experimental and 
theoretical study on high temperature 
superconductivity and is financially supported by the 
National Center for Research and Development on 
Superconductivity of China.  A number of advanced 
facilities are available at the Institute for various 
physical properties measurements, structure analysis 
and sample preparations. The Institute has established 
broad international cooperation and exchanges with 
such institutions as the University of Sussex in UK and 
Tokyo University and Teikyo University in Japan.
Research Areas:  Physical properties and super-
conductive mechanism; Magnetic flux pinning and 
dynamics; Search for new high temperature 

Institute of Theoretical Physics
Director: Professor Zhu, Dongpei

Research Areas:  Particle physics; Atomic and 
molecular physics; Condensed state physics; Plasma 
physics; Nonlinear physics; Computing physics; 
Modern optics.
Professors:  Chen, Ji; Chen, Yinhua; Chen, 
Yongcong; Cheng, Gen; Fan, Hongyi; Gu, Yan; Guo, 
Guangcan; Hu, Xiwei; Jing, Sicong; Li, Fuli; Li, 
Yongping; Ma, Wengan; Ruan, Tunan; Sun, Zhongyang; 
Wang, Binghong; Wang, Kelin; Wang, Renchuan; Xia, 
Shangda; Xin, Houwen; Yan, Mulin; Yang, Jinlong; 
Yang, Weihong; Yin, Hongjun; Zhang, Yang; Zhang, 
Ziping; Zhu, Dongpei

Joint Institute for High Energy 
Physics of ETHZ and USTC
Co-Directors:   H.Hofer (ETHZ, Switzerland)
              	Professor Bian, Zuhe (USTC)
Deputy Director:   Professor Chen, 

This institute is established jointly by the Lab of  
High Energy Physics of the Swiss Federal Institute of 
Technology ( ETHZ) , Zurich  and  the  Modern 
Physics Department of the University of Science and 
Technology of  China (USTC), Hefei. The purpose is to  
accelerate  research  and  development in Compact  
Muon Spectrometer  and  Antimatter    Spectrometer. 
It consists of the High Energy Physics Group and  the  
Fast  Electronics Group. Research activities are 
carried out in both Hefei and Zurich, and supported by 
the  two  sides  both  financially  and  administratively. 
Candidates for doctoral degrees in high energy physics 
will receive  scholarships to finance their studies.

Laboratory of Atomic and Molecular 
Director:   Li, Jianming, CAS Member
Deputy Director:  Professor Xu, Kezun

The Laboratory is composed of the Electron Impact 
Laboratory of USTC and the Li Jianming Group of the 
Institute of Physics, the Chinese Academy Of 
Research Areas:  Excitation state structure and 
dynamics of atom, Molecule, Cluster and film; 
Electron momentum spectroscopy; Wave function with 
energy shell resolution,  Molecular superexcitation; 
Ionization and dissociation. 
Research Apparatus:  Intermediate energy high 
resolution electron energy loss spectrometer; Total 
cross section measuring apparatus with electron 
impact; Solid emitting spectrometer with electron 
impact; Solid emitting spectrometer with electron 
impact; Electron momentum spectrometer (E, 2e).

Laboratory of Nuclear Technology 
Director:   Professor Hong, Pingshun

The Laboratory conducts research and development 
in the fields of nuclear instruments, neutron activation 
analysis, and trace elements. Over 20 research 
achievements have been accomplished, including the 
microcomputer based nuclear weight, which was 
selected by the State Commission of Science and 
Technology for nationwide distribution.

Laboratory of Plasma Physics
Director:   Professor Yu, Changxuan

The Laboratory of Plasma Physics was founded in 
1974 and now is composed of four groups: Group of 
High Temperature Plasma, Group of Fundamental 
Plasma, Group of Low Temperature Plasma, Group of 
High-Power Industrial Application Plasma.
Research Areas: Tokamak plasma physics, Plasma 
micro-turbulence, Wave-plasma interactions; 
Nonlinear dynamic phenomena in plasmas, Controlling 
chaos, dusty plasma; Low temperature plasma 
application,  Research and development of synthesis of 
diamond, diamond-like, SiC films and by plasma 
chemical vapor deposition (PCVD); Research and 
development of arc plasmas and high power (up to 1 
MW) plasma heating torch and cutting jet. Research 
and development of plasma diagnostic techniques
Professors: Cao, Jinxiang; Ding, Weixing; Liu, 
Jinying; Liu, Wandong; Wen, Yizhi; Xia, Weidong; 
Xiang, Zhilin; Yu, Changxuan; Zhan, Rujuan; Zhao, 
Shujun; Zhu, Shiyao

Research Center of Environmental 
Director:   Professor Lu, Minggang

The Center was established in 1992 as a 
comprehensive research institute of multiple 
disciplines, Primarily for basic and applied research 
work.  Interdisciplinary studies are also encouraged.  
For exercising the practical applications of mechanics 
theory, the Center is committed to establishing 
collaborations with industry and other high technology 
research institutions.
Research Areas:  Stratospheric ozone depletion 
and its impact on the climate; Numerical experiments 
of CO2 greenhouse effect and global warming; Study 
and numerical simulation on the transport of  
pollutants in atmosphere; Natural resource 
distribution; Resource conservation; Trace elements 
and human health; Biodegradability; Pollutant 
chemistry, Pollutant identification, Pollutant 
assessment, and Pollutant surveillance; Pollution and 
control; Lcs; Damage mechanics; Nonlinear vibration; 
Experimental mechanics; Numerical methods. 
Professors:  Chen, Yuejuan; Lin, Peiyan; Peng, 
Zicheng; Shou, Tiande; Wang, Kuiren; Zhang, Maosen; 
Zhou, Yi

Research Center of Thermal Safety 
Engineering and Technology
Director:   Professor Fan, Weicheng

Outline: Relying on the fundamental research 
achievements in the area of thermal safety science 
provided by State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, the 
center is a body combining engineering application 
with modern high technique development.  To reduce 
heavy incidents and their hazard, the center studies and 
provides theories and methods for fire protection and 
assessment, apply them to engineering design and put 
forward practical protection technology, products and 
Research Areas: Techniques and products for 
thermal safety engineering including fire detection and 
alarm, Water suppression, Fire retardency, Smoke 
control; Expert systems for hazard analysis, Risk 
assessment, Emergency management, Thermal safety 
engineering design.
Professors: Cheng, Xiaofang; Fan, Weicheng; 
Huo, Ran; Liao, Guangxuan; Wang, Qing’an; Wu, 
Longbiao; Yang, Bangrong

Statistical Consulting Center
Honorary Director:   Professor Chen, Xiru
Executive Director:   Professor Miao, 
Director:   Professor Zhao, Lincheng

Although affiliated with the university’s 
Department of Mathematics, the Center provides 
comprehensive services to clients both within and 
around the campus. These services cover the spectrum 
of  statistical analysis and design, as well as ancillary 
Research Areas: Parametric inference; Large 
sample theory; Reliability theory; Multivariable 
analysis; Limit theory; Change point problems; 
Parametric inference; Nonparametric statistics.
Service Areas: Statistical questions formulation; 
Statistical methodology choice and explanation; 
Experiment and survey design; Signal processing; 
Statistical computing and graphics; Data analysis and 
interpretation; Decision making and problem solving. 
Ancillary Areas: Training course organization; 
Professional personnel preparation; Intensive research 
Professors: Chen, Xiru; Fang, Zhaoben; Miao, 
Baiqi; Su, Chun; Zhao, Lincheng

Young Scientist Laboratory of 
Structure Biology
Director:  Professor Niu, Liwen

The Young Scientist Laboratory of Structure 
Biology (YSLSB), was found by the Chinese Academy 
of Sciences in December 1994 to address the research 
forefront in three focus areas in structure biology; 
biological macromolecular crystallography, multi-
dimensional NMR and computer simulation. In the 
present, the dynamics, structure-based design and 
structure-function relationships of important 
macromolecules in life processes are being 
Works Engaged: Xylose isomerase protein 
engineering, X-ray and NMR structures of snake 
venom proteins, DNA-drug complexes, Bacteria 
hemoglobin, Viruses and virus proteins, Interactions of 
protein-protein, Protein-drug and protein-DNA.
Faculty: Niu, Liwen; Shi, Yunyu; Teng, Maikun

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