Aron Jeffrey Meltzner
10 Feb 2017
Senior Research Fellow (Jul 2013 to present)
Research Fellow (Feb 2010 to Jun 2013)
Earth Observatory of Singapore
Nanyang Technological University
50 Nanyang Avenue, N2-01a-14, Singapore 639798
Doctor of Philosophy in Geology, California Institute of Technology, 2010
Master of Science (Geological
Sciences), San Diego State University, 2006
Bachelor of Science with honor
(Geology), California Institute of Technology, 2000
PRIMARY RESEARCH INTERESTS:
neotectonics, paleoseismology, paleogeodesy, and tectonic geomorphology
earthquake recurrence, rupture repeatability, fault segmentation, and fault interactions
2015 Exceptional Reviewer for Geosphere
2007 recipient of the Outstanding
Student Paper Award, Seismology Section, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting,
December 2007, San Francisco, CA
2006 recipient of the Outstanding
Student Presentation Award, Seismological Society of America Annual Meeting,
April 2006, San Francisco, CA
2005 recipient of the Outstanding
Student Presentation Award, Seismological Society of America Annual Meeting,
April 2005, Incline Village, NV
2003-2004 recipient of the
Special Institute Fellowship in the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences at
National Science Foundation (NSF)
Graduate Research Fellowship 2002 Honorable Mention awardee
recipient of various awards and
scholarships in the Department of Geological Sciences at SDSU,
winner of the 2000 Deans' Cup
award (at Caltech), in recognition of efforts to improve the quality of undergraduate life
at Caltech and to establish lines of communication with members of the faculty and
administration; accompanied by a $200 prize
1999-2000 recipient of the Ian
Campbell Award in Geology (at Caltech), for outstanding performance in field geology
courses during the 1999-2000 academic year; accompanied by the award of a Brunton
1998-1999 recipient of the Fritz
Burns Prize in Geology (at Caltech), in recognition of one's potential to make a significant
contribution in the earth sciences through research; accompanied by a $2500 grant to
support ongoing research
ADVISING AND TEACHING:
Co-advised a post-doc at the Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) at NTU, 2017-present
Co-advised 3 PhD students in the Asian School of the Environment (ASE) at NTU, 2012-present
Co-advised a post-undergraduate research assistant interning at EOS, 2015-present
Advised an undergraduate through NTU's CN Yang Scholars Undergraduate Research Experience program, 2016-present
Advised 3 undergraduates through NTU's Undergraduate Research Experience on Campus (URECA) program, 2012-2015
Advised 7 undergraduates through Caltech's Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowships (SURF) program, 2013-2014
Teach occasional lectures for the Living with Coastal Processes and Hazards course at NTU
SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY SERVICE:
Refereed 32 manuscripts or manuscript revisions for publication, 2003-2016
Reviewed 2 proposals for the National Science Foundation (NSF), 2011-2016
2014 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting co-convener for the special session entitled "Science and Societal Lessons from a Decade of Giant Megathrust Earthquakes"
External examiner for the PhD defense of Jennifer Weil Accardo, IPGP, France, June 2014
Participant, GeoPRISMS Subduction Cycles & Deformation (SCD) Implementation Workshop, Austin, TX, January 2011
2010 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting co-convener for the special session entitled "Subduction-Zone Segmentation over Multiple Earthquake Cycles"
2009 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting co-convener for the special session entitled "Paleogeodesy at Subduction Zones"
2006 Seismological Society of America Annual Meeting co-convener for the special session entitled "The Giant Sumatran Earthquakes of 2004 and 2005"
Organized a geological field trip for CN Yang Scholars at NTU to eastern California, July 2016
Public lectures given to various polytechnic and high schools in Singapore
Lecture given to foreign government officials as part of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) Singapore course entitled "Natural Disaster Risk Reduction and Management," August 2011
Contributed to an exhibition at the Science Centre Singapore, "Earth: Our Untamed Planet"
Development of a website, educational exercises (undergraduate level), and a trail guide for the lay public for the offset of Wallace Creek along the San Andreas fault in the Carrizo Plain. The website URL is http://www.scec.org/wallacecreek/ and the brochure and class exercises are available in PDF format from the website.
American Geophysical Union
Geological Society of America
Seismological Society of America
Asia Oceania Geosciences Society
Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society
Student first-authors I have co-advised are underlined.
Morgan, P.M., L. Feng, A.J. Meltzner, E.O. Lindsey, L.L.H. Tsang, and E.M. Hill (2017).
Sibling earthquakes generated within a persistent rupture barrier on the Sunda megathrust under Simeulue Island, Geophysical Research Letters 44, doi:10.1002/2016GL071901. [Link to Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., A.D. Switzer, B.P. Horton, E. Ashe, Q. Qiu, D.F. Hill, S.L. Bradley, R.E. Kopp, E.M. Hill, J.M. Majewski, D.H. Natawidjaja, and B.W. Suwargadi (2017).
Half-metre sea-level fluctuations on centennial timescales from mid-Holocene corals of Southeast Asia, Nature Communications 8, 14387, doi:10.1038/ncomms14387. [Link to Paper]
Tsang, L.L.H., A.J. Meltzner, E.M. Hill, J.T. Freymueller, and K. Sieh (2015).
A paleogeodetic record of variable interseismic rates and megathrust coupling at Simeulue Island, Sumatra, Geophysical Research Letters 42, 10585-10594, doi:10.1002/2015GL066366. [Link to Paper]
Tsang, L.L.H., A.J. Meltzner, B. Philibosian, E.M. Hill, J.T. Freymueller, and K. Sieh (2015).
A 15 year slow-slip event on the Sunda megathrust offshore Sumatra, Geophysical Research Letters 42, 6630-6638, doi:10.1002/2015GL064928. [Link to Paper]
Meltzner, A.J. (2015).
Earthquakes: The rise and fall of an island (News & Views),
Nature Geoscience 8, 501-502, doi:10.1038/ngeo2477. [Link to Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., K. Sieh, H.-W. Chiang, C.-C. Wu, L.L.H. Tsang, C.-C. Shen, E.M. Hill, B.W. Suwargadi, D.H. Natawidjaja, B. Philibosian, and R.W. Briggs (2015).
Time-varying interseismic strain rates and similar seismic ruptures on the Nias-Simeulue patch of the Sunda megathrust, Quaternary Science Reviews 122, 258-281, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.06.003. [Link to Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., and C.D. Woodroffe (2015). Coral microatolls, in Handbook of Sea-Level Research, I. Shennan, A.J. Long, and B.P. Horton (Editors), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK, 125-145, doi:10.1002/9781118452547.ch8. [Link to Paper]
Fujino, S., K. Sieh, A.J. Meltzner, E. Yulianto, and H.-W. Chiang (2014).
Ambiguous correlation of precisely dated coral detritus with the tsunamis of 1861 and 1907 at Simeulue Island, Aceh Province, Indonesia, Marine Geology 357, 384-391, doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2014.09.047. [Paper]
Lee, J.-M., E.A. Boyle, I.S. Nurhati, M. Pfeiffer, A.J. Meltzner, and B. Suwargadi (2014). Coral-based
history of lead and lead isotopes of the surface Indian Ocean since the mid-20th century,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 398, 37-47, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.030. [Paper]
Bursik, M., K. Sieh, and A. Meltzner (2014). Deposits of the most recent eruption in the southern Mono Craters, California: description, interpretation and implications for regional marker tephras,
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 275, 114-131, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.02.015. [Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., K. Sieh, H.-W. Chiang, C.-C. Shen, B.W. Suwargadi, D.H. Natawidjaja, B. Philibosian, and R.W. Briggs (2012).
Persistent termini of 2004- and 2005-like ruptures of the Sunda megathrust,
Journal of Geophysical Research 117, B04405, doi:10.1029/2011JB008888. [Link to Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., K. Sieh, H.-W. Chiang, C.-C. Shen, B.W. Suwargadi, D.H. Natawidjaja, B.E. Philibosian, R.W. Briggs, and J. Galetzka (2010).
Coral evidence for earthquake recurrence and an A.D. 1390-1455 cluster at the south end of the 2004 Aceh-Andaman rupture,
Journal of Geophysical Research 115, B10402, doi:10.1029/2010JB007499. [Link to Paper]
Rockwell, T., D. Ragona, G. Seitz, R. Langridge, M.E. Aksoy, G. Ucarkus, M. Ferry, A.J. Meltzner, Y. Klinger, M. Meghraoui, D. Satir, A. Barka, and B. Akbalik (2009).
Paleoseismology of the North Anatolian fault near the Marmara Sea: implications for fault segmentation and seismic hazard, in
Palaeoseismology: Historical and Prehistorical Records of Earthquake Ground Effects for Seismic Hazard Assessment, K. Reicherter, A.M. Michetti, and P.G. Silva (Editors), The Geological Society, London, Special Publications 316, 31-54, doi:10.1144/SP316.3. [Paper]
Mériaux, A.-S., K. Sieh, R.C. Finkel, C.M. Rubin, M.H. Taylor, A.J. Meltzner, and F.J. Ryerson (2009).
Kinematic behavior of southern Alaska constrained by westward decreasing postglacial slip rates on the Denali fault, Alaska,
Journal of Geophysical Research 114, B03404, doi:10.1029/2007JB005053. [Paper]
Sieh, K., D.H. Natawidjaja, A.J. Meltzner, C.-C. Shen, H. Cheng, K.-S. Li, B.W. Suwargadi, J. Galetzka, B. Philibosian, and R.L. Edwards (2008).
Earthquake supercycles inferred from sea-level changes recorded in the corals of West Sumatra,
Science 322, 1674-1678, doi:10.1126/science.1163589. [Link to Paper]
Konca, A.O., J.-P. Avouac, A. Sladen, A.J. Meltzner, K. Sieh, P. Fang, Z. Li, J. Galetzka, J. Genrich, M. Chlieh, D.H. Natawidjaja, Y. Bock, E.J. Fielding, C. Ji, and D.V. Helmberger (2008).
Partial rupture of a locked patch of the Sumatra megathrust during the 2007 earthquake sequence,
Nature 456, 631-635, doi:10.1038/nature07572. [Link to Paper]
Shen, C.-C., K.-S. Li, K. Sieh, D. Natawidjaja, H. Cheng, X. Wang, R.L. Edwards, D.D. Lam, Y.-T. Hsieh, T.-Y. Fan, A.J. Meltzner, F.W. Taylor, T.M. Quinn, H.-W. Chiang, and K.H. Kilbourne (2008).
Variation of initial 230Th/232Th and limits of high precision U-Th dating of shallow-water corals,
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72, 4201-4223, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.06.011. [Paper]
Taylor, F.W., R.W. Briggs, C. Frohlich, A. Brown, M. Hornbach, A.K. Papabatu, A.J. Meltzner, and D. Billy (2008).
Rupture across arc segment and plate boundaries in the 1 April 2007 Solomons earthquake,
Nature Geoscience 1, 253-257, doi:10.1038/ngeo159. [Link to Paper]
Konca, A.O., V. Hjorleifsdottir, T.-R. A. Song, J.-P. Avouac, D.V. Helmberger, C. Ji, K. Sieh, R. Briggs, and A. Meltzner (2007). Rupture kinematics of the 2005 MW 8.6 Nias-Simeulue earthquake from the joint inversion of seismic and geodetic data, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 97, S307-S322, doi:10.1785/0120050632. [Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., T.K. Rockwell, and L.A. Owen (2006). Recent and long-term behavior of the Brawley fault zone, Imperial Valley, California: an escalation in slip rate?, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 96, 2304-2328, doi:10.1785/0120050233. [Link to Paper]
Briggs, R.W., K. Sieh, A.J. Meltzner, D. Natawidjaja, J. Galetzka, B. Suwargadi, Y. Hsu, M. Simons, N. Hananto, I. Suprihanto, D. Prayudi, J.-P. Avouac, L. Prawirodirdjo, and Y. Bock (2006).
Deformation and slip along the Sunda megathrust in the great 2005 Nias-Simeulue earthquake,
Science 311, 1897-1901, doi:10.1126/science.1122602. [Link to Paper]
Subarya, C., M. Chlieh, L. Prawirodirdjo, J.-P. Avouac, Y. Bock, K. Sieh, A.J. Meltzner, D.H. Natawidjaja, and R. McCaffrey (2006).
Plate-boundary deformation associated with the great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake,
Nature 440, 46-51, doi:10.1038/nature04522. [Link to Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., K. Sieh, M. Abrams, D.C. Agnew, K.W. Hudnut, J.-P. Avouac, and D.H. Natawidjaja (2006).
Uplift and subsidence associated with the great Aceh-Andaman earthquake of 2004,
Journal of Geophysical Research 111, B02407, doi:10.1029/2005JB003891. [Link to Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., and
T.K. Rockwell (2004). The Tejon Pass earthquake of 22 October 1916: an M 5.6 event on
the Lockwood Valley and San Andreas faults, southern California, Bulletin of the
Seismological Society of America 94, 1293-1304, doi:10.1785/012003204. [Link to Paper]
Klinger, Y., K. Sieh,
E. Altunel, A. Akoglu, A. Barka, T. Dawson, T. Gonzalez, A. Meltzner, and T. Rockwell
(2003). Paleoseismic evidence of characteristic slip on the western segment of the North
Anatolian fault, Turkey, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
93, 2317-2332, doi:10.1785/0120010270. [Paper]
Girty, G.H., J. Marsh,
A. Meltzner, J.R. McConnell, D. Nygren, J. Nygren, G.M. Prince, K. Randall,
D. Johnson, B. Heitman, and J. Nielsen (2003). Assessing changes in elemental mass as a
result of chemical weathering of granodiorite in a Mediterranean (hot summer) climate,
Journal of Sedimentary Research 73, 434-443, doi:10.1306/091802730434. [Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., and D.J. Wald
(2003). Aftershocks and triggered events of the great 1906 California earthquake,
the Seismological Society of America 93, 2160-2186, doi:10.1785/0120020033. [Link to Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., and D.J. Wald (2002). Felt reports
and intensity assignments for aftershocks and triggered events of the great
1906 California earthquake, U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report
02-37, 301 pp. [Link to Paper]
Scientists from USGS, SCEC, and CDMG (2000).
Preliminary report on the 16 October 1999 M 7.1 Hector Mine, California, earthquake,
Seismological Research Letters 71, 11-23. [Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., and D.J. Wald (1999). Foreshocks
and aftershocks of the great 1857 California earthquake, Bulletin of
the Seismological Society of America 89, 1109-1120. [Link to Paper]
Meltzner, A.J., and D.J. Wald (1998). Foreshocks
and aftershocks of the great 1857 California earthquake, U. S. Geological
Survey Open-File Report 98-465, 115 pp. [Link to Paper]
MANUSCRIPTS IN PROGRESS:
Student first-authors I have co-advised are underlined.
Pham, D.T., A.D. Switzer, E.M. Hill, A.J. Meltzner, and H.X. Nguyen (2017).
A new perspective on interannual sea-level variability around the South China Sea based on historical tide-gauge data, Global and Planetary Change, manuscript in review.
Meltzner, A.J., T.K. Rockwell, R.Y. Tsang, and P.M. Figueiredo (2017).
Slip variability and temporal clustering along the Imperial fault at Mesquite Basin, Imperial Valley, California, and possible through-going rupture to the San Andreas fault, manuscript in preparation.
Meltzner, A.J., B. Philibosian, and K. Sieh (2017).
Temporal variability of interseismic strain accumulation along subduction megathrusts, on timescales of decades to centuries, manuscript in preparation.
Philibosian, B., A.J. Meltzner, and K. Sieh (2017).
Seismic cycle variability in space and time: the Sumatran Sunda megathrust as a behavior catalog, manuscript in preparation.
Pham, D.T., A.D. Switzer, G. Huerta, A.J. Meltzner, H.M. Nguyen, and E.M. Hill (2017).
Spatiotemporal variation of extreme sea level around the South China Sea using the Dynamic Linear Model for the Generalized Extreme Value distribution, manuscript in preparation.
Majewski, J.M., A.J. Meltzner, A.D. Switzer, B.P. Horton, D.T. Pham, and S.Y. Heng (2017).
Measuring relative sea level with coral microatolls, manuscript in preparation.
Majewski, J.M., A.D. Switzer, P.R. Parham, J. Pile, B.P. Horton, A.J. Meltzner, X. Wang, H.-W. Chiang, C.T. Ng, M. Muller, and A. Mujahid (2017).
Western Borneo fossil coral microatolls indicate Holocene relative sea level at least 1.6 meters above present, manuscript in preparation.
Meltzner, A.J., T.K. Rockwell, R.Y. Tsang, and P.M. Figueiredo (2016).
Slip variability and temporal clustering along the Imperial fault at Mesquite Basin, Imperial Valley, California, and possible through-going rupture to the San Andreas fault, Abstract presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting, Southern California Earthquake Center, Palm Springs, California, 11-14 September. [Abstract]
Meltzner, A.J. (2015).
Over decades to centuries, interseismic coupling and deformation rates along subduction zones are not steady, Abstract G23C-04 presented at the 2015 Fall Meeting, American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, California, 14-18 December. [Abstract]
Meltzner, A.J. (2010). Earthquake recurrence, clustering, and persistent segmentation near the southern end of the 2004 Sunda megathrust rupture,
Ph.D. Dissertation, California Institute of Technology, 300 pp. and online supplement. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:06012010-082222484
Meltzner, A.J. (2006).
Characterization of the long-term behavior of the Imperial and Brawley faults, Imperial Valley, California,
Master's Thesis, San Diego State University, 149 pp. and 4 plates. [Link to PDFs]
Meltzner, A.J. (2000). Aftershocks
of the great 1906 San Francisco earthquake, based on intensity observations,
Undergraduate Thesis, California Institute of Technology, 66 pp.
H-INDEX AND CITATIONS: