his undergraduate degree from MIT, and his Ph.D. from U. C. Berkeley
in 1982. He was a Presidential Young Investigator, he received
an IBM Faculty Development Award, a Jacob Wallenberg Scholarship,
and the TMS EMPMD Distinguished Scientist Award of 2010.
He consulted for an electronics testing company, Everett Charles Technologies,
for the Defense Science Board, was a member of the Science Advisory
Board of Actium Materials, and is now on the Science Board of Contour Energy. Fultz has authored or co-authored over
300 publications. With his friend, Prof. J. Howe of Univ. Virginia,
he published a graduate-level textbook
on diffraction and microscopy of materials (now in its 3rd edition). Brent Fultz was the Principal Investigator of
the ARCS spectrometer project at the
Neutron Source, now complete and in its operations phase.
Scientific computing offers new opportunities for elevating the sophistication of neutron scattering experiments.
Brent Fultz was the Principal Investigator of the software project Distributed Data Analysis for Neutron Scattering Experiments, DANSE , which focused on how computing can elevate the science of neutron scattering.
to Brent Fultz Home Page
of Fultz's research is how atom vibrations in solids affect the entropy
and thermodynamic stability of materials -- a review article is available here (4.5 MB). In the late 1980s, vibrational entropy was new
to materials science, and its importance was unexpected when Fultz's group started work on this topic. Many studies of today involve
measuring phonon spectra of materials by inelastic neutron scattering,
and identifying the reasons for differences in vibrational entropy of different
materials. Inelastic neutron scattering is also sensitive to magnetic
and electronic excitations in solids, and several cases were found where
these make major thermodynamic contributions.
Sometimes it is possible to determine experimentally the partition function of the solid, from which all its thermodynamic
properties can be derived.
Recent work has focused on high-temperature behavior, where phonons interact with other phonons and with electronic excitations.
With high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering, Fultz's group has been studying how
vibrational thermodynamics is altered when the material is under megabar pressures in a diamond anvil cell.
The global "energy problem" is
of paramount societal importance, but the
ultimate technical solutions are unknown.
Research on energy-storage materials can help.
For many years Fultz's group has worked on materials that
store lithium (used in rechargeable batteries),
and on materials that store hydrogen.
One effort is focused
on understanding the interactions of hydrogen molecules with
surfaces, with the goal of learning how to
hydrogen-storage potential of new materials that store
hydrogen by adsorption interactions.
For lithium-storage materials, one effort is to use the
temperature variation of the battery voltage to understand
how the electrode materials have changed over time,
and to optimize the life of rechargeable batteries.
The goal is to use a fundamental quantity, entropy,
for practical service.
More about our approach is here.
of recent research results are given in the Fultz