Ma 192 a: Geometry and Arithmetic of Quantum Fields
Fall 2008, Caltech Math Department, Tuesday-Thursday
2:30-3:55 pm, 151 SLN; Instructor:
Matilde Marcolli
*
The book "Feynman Motives" based on the lectures of this course will
soon appear published by World Scientific
Brief Course Description
The course will focus on mathematical structures of
renormalization in perturbative quantum field theory
and of the standard model of elementary particle
physics. The main themes will be the mysterious
relation between renormalization in quantum field
theory and the theory of motives in arithmetic
geometry, as well as the models of particle physics
obtained using noncommutative geometry.
List of Topics
- The problem of Renormalization in Quantum Field Theory
- The BPHZ method of perturbative renormalization
- Commutative Hopf algebras and affine group schemes
- Hopf algebras and perturbative renormalization
- The Connes-Kreimer Hopf algebra of Feynman graphs
- The geometry of Dimensional Regularization
- Renormalization as a Birkhoff factorization
- Parametric Feynman integrals
- Graph hypersurfaces and Feynman motives
- Algebro-geometric properties of graph hypersurfaces
- Graph hypersurfaces, Feynman integrals, and periods
- Feynman motives, singularities, and Hodge theory
- The renormalization group and the Gross-'t Hooft relations
- Beta function and iterated integrals
- Equisingular connections
- The Riemann-Hilbert correspondence
- The Tannakian formalism
- The category of flat equisingular vector bundles
- Cartier's "cosmic Galois group" and mixed Tate motives
- Basic notions of noncommutative geometry
- The formalism of spectral triples
- Noncommutative spectral manifolds and real structures
- The finite geometry of the Standard Model of elementary particles
- The spectral action principle
- The Standard Model with neutrino mixing from the spectral action
- Anomalies and noncommutative geometry
Lectures
Lecture notes of the course will be posted here
- Lecture 1, Tuesday September 30: Overview
- Lecture 2, Thursday October 2: Feynman integrals: a toy model
- Lecture 3, Tuesday Oct 7:
Lagrangian, functional integrals, effective action
(check later for more notes on Dim Reg and the
Bogolyubov recursion)
- Lecture 4 Thursday Oct 9:
Parametric Feynman integrals and graph hypersurfaces
- Lecture 5 Tuesday Oct 14: Affine group schemes and
commutative Hopf algebras (notes coming up soon)
- Lecture 6 Thursday Oct 16: The Connes-Kreimer Hopf
algebra and the Birkhoff factorization of loops (notes coming up soon)
- Lecture 7 Tuesday Oct 21: Introduction to motives, pure motives
- Lecture 8 Thursday Oct 23: Introduction to motives, mixed motives
- Lecture 9 Tuesday Oct 28: The Grothendieck group of varieties,
classes of graph hypersurfaces
- Lecture 10 Thursday Oct 30: The class of the banana graph
hypersurfaces, simplifications in the Grothendieck group between
graph hypersurfaces
Grading
Students taking the class for credit will be required to
contribute either a written essay on a topic related to the
material of the class (to be agreed upon with the instructor)
or an oral presentation in the Research Seminar (see below).
Please contact the instructor at your earliest convenience
to schedule a time for a presentation and to decide the
topic of presentation/essay.
Research Seminar
The course will be accompanied by a Research Seminar:
the seminar meets once per week, alternating between
Thursday 4:15-5:15 pm and Tuesday 5:30-6:30 pm.
The first seminar will be on Thursday October 16
at 4:15 pm.
Titles and abstracts of seminars will be posted here.
- Thursday October 16: Tobias Fritz "Convexity and Quantum Mechanics"
- Thursday October 23: Nikolay Ivankov "Covering spaces and Noncommutative
Geometry"
- Tuesday November 4, 2:30 pm: Rafael Torres-Ruiz "4-manifolds"
- Thursday November 13, 4:15 pm: Michel van Garrel "Isomorphism
Classes of Elliptic Curves with Complex Multiplication defined
over a Number Field with the same Hecke Character"
- EXTRA SEMINAR: Monday November 17, 3:30 pm SLN 159:
Bram Mesland "KK-theory and limit sets"
- Thursday November 20, 4:15: Ozgur Ceyhan "Open-closed
string theory and enumerative geometry"
- EXTRA SEMINAR: Monday, November 24, 3:30 pm SLN 159:
Branimir Cacic "Finite spectral triples"
- Thursday Dec 4, 4:15: Dapeng Zhang "Canonical spectral triple for
Riemannian manifold via Morita equivalence"
Suggested reading material for seminar presentations
- Hopf algebras in physics:
Hopf algebra structures in
particle physics (Stefan Weinzierl)
- Renormalization and motives:
Quantum Fields and Motives
(Connes-Marcolli)
- Feynman motives and graph hypersurfaces:
Motives associated to graphs (Spencer Bloch)
- Kontsevich and Zagier, "Periods", in "Mathematics
unlimited - 2001 and beyond", pp.771-808, Springer, 2001.
- D.Kreimer
The residues of quantum fields - numbers we should know
- Multiple zeta values in QFT:
Association of multiple zeta values with positive knots via Feynman
diagrams up to 9 loops (Broadhurst and Kreimer)
- Feynman integrals and periods:
Periods and Igusa Zeta functions (Belkale and Brosnan)
- Feynman integrals and periods:
Periods and Feynman integrals (Christian Bogner, Stefan Weinzierl)
- Renormalization, Hopf algebras, and gauge theories:
Renormalization of gauge fields using Hopf algebras (van Suijlekom)
- Renormalization, Hopf algebras, and gauge theories:
Representing Feynman graphs on BV-algebras (van Suijlekom)
- Renormalization and Rota-Baxter algebras:
Rota-Baxter Algebras in Renormalization of Perturbative Quantum Field Theory (Kurusch Ebrahimi-Fard, Li Guo)
- Hopf algebras and Euler-Zagier sums in particle physics:
Nested Sums, Expansion of Transcendental Functions and Multi-Scale Multi-Loop Integrals (Sven Moch, Peter Uwer, Stefan Weinzierl)
- Differential Galois Theory and Tannakian formalism:
Differential Galois theory, universal rings and universal groups (van der Put)
- Motivic fundamental groups for mixed Tate motives:
Groupes fondamentaux motiviques de Tate mixte (Deligne-Goncharov)
- A.Connes, "Geometry from the spectral point of view".
Lett. Math. Phys. 34 (1995), no. 3, 203-238.
- Spectral action in NCG:
The Spectral Action Principle (Chamseddine-Connes)
- Spectral action in NCG:
Inner fluctuations of the spectral action (Chamseddine-Connes)
More references will be added later on. Other choices for seminar
presentations will be made available during the class.
Textbook
The class will follow roughly the first chapter of the book:
*
A.Connes, M.Marcolli: Noncommutative Geometry, Quantum Fields and Motives.
American Mathematical Society, Colloquium Publications Vol.55, January 2008.
Additional reading material used in the class will be listed below.
Useful General Bibliographical References
Quantum Field Theory:
An introductory reading:
- A.Zee, "Quantum Field Theory in a nutshell" Princeton University Press.
More detailed books on QFT:
- Claude Itzykson and Jean-Bernard Zuber "Quantum Field Theory", Dover.
- James D Bjorken and Sidney D. Drell "Relativistic Quantum Mechanics"
and "Relativistic Quantum Fields", McGraw-Hill.
Affine group schemes and commutative Hopf algebras:
- W.C.Waterhouse, Introduction to affine group schemes,
Graduate Texts in Mathematics, Springer Verlag, 1979.
Renormalization:
- J.Collins, Renormalization, Cambridge University Press, 1984.
Motives:
- Y.Andre' "Une Introduction aux Motifs" Societe' Mathematique
de France, 2005.
Particle physics:
- W. N. Cottingham, D. A. Greenwood "An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics", Cambridge University Press.
- Noncommutative Geometry and the Standard Model of Elementary Particle Physics (Eds. Florian Scheck, Harald Upmeier, Wend Werner)
- John F. Donoghue, Eugene Golowich, Barry R Holstein,
"Dynamics of the Standard Model", Cambridge University Press.
Noncommutative Geometry:
- A.Connes "Noncommutative Geometry", Academic Press, 1994.
- J.Varilly "An Introduction to Noncommutative Geometry" European
Mathematical Society, 2006.
- J.Gracia Bondia, J.Varilly, H.Figueroa, "Elements of Noncommutative Geometry" Birkhauser, 2001.
More references will be added later on.
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