Georgy Manucharyan (Caltech)

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Georgy Manucharyan

I am a Stanback Postdoctoral Scholar at the California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences. My research passion is in physical oceanography of the Arctic Ocean with connections to fluid mechanics and their implications for our changing climate. You can find a brief description of my research here.

Email: gmanuch@caltech.edu
Phone: (626) 395-8715



Research

Our climate is affected by the inherently turbulent oceanic flows in which the energy is being continuously transferred across a wide range of scales. An accurate understanding of small-scale processes and their interactions with large-scale flows remains as one of the big challenges in our ability to model and comprehend climate system as a whole. My interests are in exploring fundamental processes governing the dynamics of the Arctic Ocean. The general approach I take is aimed at gaining fundamental knowledge by reducing complex oceanographic phenomena to their core driving mechanisms. My methods are primarily based on the development and exploration of testable theories guided by insights from numerical modeling and supported by observational data analysis and laboratory experiments.

Below is a brief description of the research I am involved in.


Marginal Ice Zone dynamics

Sea ice dynamics

Localized and episodic fluxes due to submesoscale oceanic turbulence (scales in an approximate range of 100 m to 10 km) play an equally important role as the larger scale ocean dynamics (i.e. mesoscale and larger). In the Arctic Ocean submesoscale eddies have significant kinetic energy and may actively interact with overlying sea ice by either redistributing it through mechanical motion or by enhancing vertical heat fluxes that modify its growth/melt rates. In turn, the multi-fractal nature of sea ice cover (and its albedo) provides conditions for highly non-homogeneous buoyancy and momentum fluxes that generate submesoscale eddies. I am exploring the interactions between the surface ocean turbulence and the sea ice with a particular focus on the marginal ice zone dynamics.

A transition to a 'turbulent' sea ice in the summer

Global warming with its strong polar amplification resulted in a substantial reduction of the Arctic sea ice thickness and concentration. As a result, both mechanical and thermodynamic sea ice - ocean interactions have strengthened and lead to enhanced footprints of ocean eddies in sea ice characteristics. The 'turbulent' sea ice, i.e. carrying signatures of ocean eddies and filaments, is evident during summer seasons for thicknesses less than about 1 meter.


Video: effective sea ice thickness (in meters) as simulated by the 1/48 degree ocean model (MITGCM) at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech\NASA.


Theory of the Ekman-driven Beaufort Gyre variability




Schematic of BG circulation  


Recently the Arctic Ocean has accumulated a large amount of freshwater largely stored within the Beaufort Gyre. The accumulation was linked to changing atmospheric winds which can cause a release of the accumulated fresh waters with global climate implications possible provided they reach deep convection regions. Nonetheless, the basic gyre dynamics are not well understood and it is unclear how much FWC can be held in under such persistent forcing and how quickly can these fresh waters be released. Combining theory with numerical simulations I work to explore the dominant physical processes governing the FWC dynamics: the Ekman pumping and mesoscale eddies that balance to reach equilibrium. It is the interplay between these processes that defines the gyre stability and affects its wind-driven variability.


Eddy formation and escape from Arctic Ocean fronts

   numerical simulations

Sub-mixed layer eddies commonly observed in the Arctic Ocean can affect the melting of sea ice due to increased heat fluxes associated with their turbulent currents. They are typically found at large distances (up to 500 km) away from surface fronts - their assumed formation sites. I use analytical theories and high-resolution ocean model to explore the dynamics of outcropping density fronts and identify the factors influencing the formation of coherent well-separated eddies. An in-depth understanding of the eddy formation and propagation dynamics in the vicinity of outcropping fronts allows identifying the factors influencing the eddy separation distance from the front. This, in turn, brings us closer to quantification of the cross-frontal tracer transport.




Dynamics of surface-stress-driven mixed layers

experimental set-up
The growth of an oceanic mixed layer forced by a surface stress presents one of the testbeds for our understanding of the stratified shear turbulence. The mixed layer deepening depends on a complex interplay between a shear-driven kinetic energy production, and its redistribution between the gravitational potential energy and dissipation. Under relatively weak forcing, persistent secondary mixed layers can be formed below the surface mixed layer. These smaller layers can be generated spontaneously, merge with each other or decay but most importantly they can affect the deepening of the surface mixed layer. I am interested in exploring their dynamics experimentally as well as theoretically.



Buoyancy driven currents on continental slopes

density current experiment

Density currents, so ubiquitous to geophysical flows, are fluid masses submerged into relatively stationary ambient fluids of different density, with their motion driven by the buoyancy force. The dynamics of such currents are significantly affected by the turbulent entrainment processes that lead to an exchange of their density and momentum with the environment. I investigate the influence of rotation on the efficiency of the turbulent entrainment. Systematically deriving a mathematical model for these currents and making use of turbulent fluxes parameterization it is possible to obtain analytical predictions for the development of the flow demonstrating that the fluid cannot penetrate below this critical level and should spread out horizontally. In conjunction with laboratory experiments, the theory allows to illustrate and quantify the suppression of entrainment due to rotation providing insights into the nature of turbulence in geophysical flows.




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Publications


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Contact Information

Email: gmanuch@caltech.edu
Phone: (626) 395-8715
Office: Room 226, Linde + Robinson
Laboratory, ESE, Caltech.
Mailing Address: MC 131-24,
California Institute of Technology,
1200 East California Boulevard,
Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.




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