Amnesty International Group 22 Pasadena/Caltech News
Volume XVII Number 7, July 2009


Thursday, July 23, 7:30 PM. Monthly 
Meeting Caltech Y is located off San Pasqual 
between Hill and Holliston, south side. You will 
see two curving walls forming a gate to a path-
- our building is just beyond. Help us plan 
future actions on Sudan, the 'War on Terror', 
death penalty and more.  

Tuesday August 11, 7:30 PM. Note change 
of venue. Letter writing meeting at Panera 
Bread coffee house, 3521 E. Foothill, Pasadena 
91107  626-351-8272. This informal gathering 
is a great way for newcomers to get acquainted 
with Amnesty. 

Sunday, August 16, 6:30 PM. Rights Readers 
Human Rights Book Discussion Group. Vroman's 
Bookstore, 695 E. Colorado Blvd., Pasadena.  
This month we read "Finding Nouf", a mystery 
by Zoe Ferraris. 

Sunday, August 2, Monthly Movie Night.  
Time and location TBD.  

Hi everyone
Hope you are enjoying the summer so far.  I 
worked 3 days in late June for extra money, and 
then am taking the rest of the summer off. Better 
to rest up for whatever next year may bring! 
(Let's hope LAUSD comes to its senses and lays 
off the over-abundance of high-paid 
administrators and not health and human 
services personnel like school nurses, social 
workers, and counselors!) I will be catching up on 
my reading, trying new recipes, sewing (plan to 
make more tote bags for fund-raising for our 
group), and Spanish reading and conversation.
Note we are trying another cafe' for letter writing. 
I've been going to Panera for my Spanish sessions 
with my tutor - it is very spacious, cool, and has 
an extensive menu of food and drink!  
We will be discussing the book I and others had 
lobbied for in July, "Daughters of Juarez", about 
the investigation into the murders of young 
women in this Mexican border town. 
Unfortunately, that's the time when we will be 
going to Oregon to see Rob's family - just the 
way it worked out. However, I will still read the 
book and comment via email!
The Iranian government is threatening to execute 
the leaders of the anti-election protests. See the 
urgent action in this newsletter. 
There is also an action in this newsletter 
regarding the persecution in China of the 
Uyghurs, a minority ethnic group in northwest 
China. Some of you may remember hearing 
Rebiya Kadeer, a Uyghur activist, leader, and 
businesswoman, speak at an AI Regional 
Conference in San Francisco about 5 years ago.  
She was arrested in the PRC 8-99 and was 
released 11-06. At one point, she was an AI 
Special Focus case. For info, see

 Con carino,


Tricia Hepner, Amnesty International Country 
coordinator for Eritrea, participated in the Eritrea 
Human Rights Symposium June 18-21 in 
Washington DC.  Trish has not yet sent her 
report, but there's an interview with the event 
organizer at, in which he 
stated, "any conversation between the Obama 
administration and the Isaias regime will not be 
productive if it only dealt with the regime's 
involvement in Somalia. We strongly believe the 
wholesale suffering of the Eritrean people has to 
be the major part of the agenda." Photos of the 
march are at 

The new U.S. Assistant Secretary for African 
Affairs, Johnnie Carson, said in a July 2 interview 
with AllAfrica, "After I took over as the assistant 
secretary, the Eritrean ambassador came to my 
office and indicated to me that it was the first 
time he had been into the office of the Assistant 
Secretary of State for African Affairs since he had 
come to Washington. I told him that the United 
States clearly wanted to see if we could return to 
a more normal relationship and that I was 
prepared to go out to speak with [Eritrean] 
President Isaias to begin such a dialogue."

Let's write letters of support to Johnnie Carson 
and also put in a word for Estifanos Seyoum, the 
POC whom Group 22 adopted in 2006. I feel 
that individual letters would be more effective 
than a form letter, so here are my suggestions for 
some points to make in your letter. 

* Mention that you are writing about the Obama 
administration's desire to improve relations with 
Eritrea, and that you support Mr. Carson's recent 
efforts to engage Eritrea in constructive dialog.

* Ask that the Obama administration consider 
the tragic human rights situation in Eritrea as an 
issue of extremely high priority.

* Remind Mr. Carson of Aster Fissehatsion, 
Estifanos Seyoum, and the other former 
government officials known as the G-15 group, 
who have been held incommunicado in secret 
prisons without charge or trial since their arrest in 
2001. Amnesty International designated them as 
Prisoners of Conscience because they were 
detained solely for peacefully expressing their 
political opinions. Several are alleged to have 
died while in custody because of harsh treatment 
and denial of medical care, but the Eritrea 
authorities refuse to release any information 
about their status.

* Express your appreciation for Mr. Carson's 
attention and your hope for a response. Send to:

Johnnie Carson
Assistant Secretary of State
Bureau of African Affairs
U.S. Department of State
2201 C Street NW
Washington, DC 20520 

And when you're all done with your letter, check 
out some Eritrean music and epic poetry at this 
link from Rights Readers.



Vroman's Bookstore
695 E. Colorado Boulevard
 in Pasadena
Sunday August 16, 6:30 pm

"Finding Nouf"
By Zoe Ferraris

Review from the Los Angeles Times

By Sarah Weinman, Special to The Times 

June 20, 2008 

One of the best developments in contemporary 
crime fiction of late is how willing, even eager, 
writers are to explore uncharted territory. What 
with the mini-boom of translated Scandinavian 
novels by Arnaldur Indridason, Karin Fossum 
and Jo Nesbo (to name just a handful), Deon 
Meyer's and Michael Stanley's criminal 
investigations in the wilds of Africa and Matt 
Beynon Rees' elegant mysteries set in Palestinian 
territories, readers have an embarrassment of 
global riches to choose from.

There is "Finding Nouf," the fictional outcome of 
San Franciscan Zoe Ferraris' habitation in Saudi 
Arabia for several years after the first Gulf War. 
Even if that information had been left off the 
jacket flap, it would be readily apparent; only a 
writer with experience both as a part of and 
apart from Saudi culture could have crafted 
such a novel.

Nayir ash-Sharqi is a Palestinian born and raised 
in Saudi Arabia, an outsider with an insider's 
understanding of his home country. He's also a 
guide, often hired by the wealthy Shrawi family, 
and his current task is most unpleasant: to track 
down the whereabouts of their 16-year-old 
daughter, Nouf, who went missing just three 
days before her wedding. Her body is discovered 
in the desert. When Nayir goes to the coroner to 
bring her home to her family, the sight of her 
corpse fills him with horror, tinged with an 
overdeveloped sense of modesty -- which soon 
gives way to curiosity as to how she died. A 
laboratory technician, Katya Hijazi, suspects 
murder. Katya is connected to the case through 
her engagement to Nouf's older brother Othman, 
and she teams with Nayir to look into Nouf's 
death. The duo's investigations uncover family 
secrets so tragic that murder is the least of it.

Ferraris does not skimp on the structural 
elements necessary for a good mystery, imbuing 
the story with escalating suspense that all but 
masks a telegraphed revelation of the murderer's 
identity. But "Finding Nouf" is more concerned 
with exposing a simmering world of heightened 
emotion held in check by the culture's restrictive 
and iron-clad rule. Nayir may chant "Allah 
forgive me for imagining her ankles" early in the 
search for Nouf, and he may be resigned to 
longing for female companionship he might never 
have, but he also approves of the order imposed 
by Saudi society. "It's designed to protect 
women," he tells Katya. "All the prescriptions for 
modesty and wearing the veil, for decent 
behavior and abstinence before marriage -- isn't 
the goal to prevent this very sort of thing from 

"In theory, I agree," Katya responds, "but you 
have to admit that those same prescriptions can 
sometimes cause the degradation people fear the 

That fear of degradation persists throughout the 
book, as Ferraris shows how the clash of tradition 
and desire, especially for women, is fraught with 
danger both hidden and overt. Katya's decision 
to follow up her doctorate with a proper 
scientific career is viewed not with pride but 
disdain by family and friends, especially the 
women. They question her leaving her widowed 
and retired father to fend for himself; they 
counsel her to watch what she eats, lest her fiancˇ 
choose another. The idea that Nouf may have 
wanted to leave Saudi Arabia behind for greener, 
more democratic pastures is unthinkable, in a 
culture where women are still expected to marry 
young and men to take multiple wives. Even 
Nayir's joining forces with Katya requires 
subterfuge and deception -- quickly derailed 
when a stranger harshly rebukes him for letting 
his "wife" dress so immodestly.

The Saudi Arabian setting also allows Ferraris to 
twist the plot in ways that would horrify 
aficionados of American crime fiction. For 
example, Katya's forensic investigation of Nouf's 
death -- kept secret from nosy co-workers and a 
boss more interested in moving on and covering 
up than in seeking justice -- requires her to collect 
evidence and conduct DNA testing on her own 
time and off the books. In the United States, 
Katya's actions would rightly be challenged on 
admissibility grounds. But in Saudi Arabia, 
where justice is more often administered on a 
family-to-family basis or according to sharia law, 
Katya's illicit means are not only justified by the 
prospect of unmasking Nouf's killer but are 
necessary and believable in the context of a 
cloistered culture.

Ferraris writes with authority about how Saudi 
insiders and outsiders alike perceive the United 
States: "America represented all that was free 
and exciting . . . a destination worth erasing your 
life for, . . . [T]his place, this city, this desert, this 
sea, weren't the material of a young girl's 
dreams." With equal authority, she stakes her 
own claim on the world map, opening Saudi 
Arabia for mystery fans to reveal the true minds 
and hearts of its denizens.

Sarah Weinman writes "Dark Passages," an 
online monthly mystery and suspense column, at She blogs about crime 
and mystery fiction at

About the Author
Zoe Ferraris moved to Saudi Arabia in the 
aftermath of the first Gulf War to live with her 
then-husband and his extended family, a group 
of Saudi-Palestinian Bedouins who had never 
welcomed an American into their lives before. She 
first conceived the idea for Finding Nouf at a 
jacket bazaar in Jeddah, where her ex-husband 
bought a "Columbo" coat and proposed setting 
off to solve mysteries - though to Zo‘ the only 
mystery at the time was why they were at a 
jacket bazaar in the hottest country in the world. 
She has an M.F.A. from Columbia University and 
received first prize for mystery fiction at the 
Santa Barbara Writers' Conference in 2003. She 
currently lives in San Francisco with her teenage 
daughter. Finding Nouf is her first novel.


Background Information on Detained opposition 
leaders in Iran

There has been widespread unrest in Iran since 
incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was 
declared the winner of the June 12 presidential 
election. His re-election has been endorsed by the 
Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, the 
ultimate arbiter of power in Iran. Mir Hossein 
Mousavi, who has said he was initially told by 
the Interior Ministry that he was the victor, has 
called the result a "dangerous charade." The 
Guardian Council, which has the charge of 
certifying the election results, declared that the 
re-election of President Ahmadinejad was valid.

Hundreds of thousands of people participated in 
street protests in Tehran and other cities in Iran in 
the week following the announcement of the 
election results. The protesters were met with 
violence from riot police and Basij 
(paramilitaries) who beat many people. At least 
21 people were reported to have been killed, 
including 26-year-old Neda Agha-Soltan, who 
was shot dead, apparently by a sniper, on June 

Iranian authorities have also arrested hundreds 
of people. According to Reporters Without 
Borders, at least 23 journalists have been 
detained, including Ali Mazroui, the head of the 
Association of Iranian Journalists. Opposition 
politicians, students, and human rights activists 
are among the other people detained since June 
12. The government has attempted to restrict the 
flow of information by requiring foreign 
journalists to leave the country, and by blocking 
cell phone and internet communications. The 
government also shut down the reformist 
newspaper Etemad-e Melli

Politicians Mohammad Ali Abtahi, Mohsen 
Aminzadeh, Abdollah Ramazanzadeh and 
Mostafa Tajzadeh were taken away from their 
homes early on June 16. They had all been 
officials in the government of former President 
Mohammad Khatami. Mr. Abtahi, age 51 had 
been a Vice-President during President Khatami's 
second term, while Mr. Aminzadeh had been the 
Deputy Foreign Minister under President 
Khatami. Mr. Ramazanzadeh was a government 
spokesperson and Mr. Tajzadeh, age 53 was the 
Deputy Minister of the Interior. They are believed 
to be held in Section 209 of Evin Prison in Tehran, 
which is under the control of the Ministry of 
Intelligence. They and other detainees are at 
severe risk of torture.

In the last several years there have been 
numerous cases of individuals who have been 
tortured in order to force them to publicly 
confess to serious crimes, including the crime of 
"Moharabeh" or enmity with God, which carries 
the death penalty. At least 17 ethnic Arabs were 
executed for their alleged participation in bomb 
blasts that took place in the southwestern Iranian 
city of Ahvaz in 2005 and 2006. Their 
"confessions" - which they insisted had been 
extracted under torture - had been broadcast on 
Iranian national television. Many of the men were 
convicted of "Moharabeh" in flawed legal 
proceedings. In May of 2007, an ethnic Baluchi, 
seventeen-year-old Sa'id Qanbar Zahi, was 
executed for his alleged involvement in the 
bombing of a bus in the city of Zahedan. He and 
four other men "confessed" on Iranian state 
television to several bomb attacks and to 
involvement in an armed resistance movement, 
Jondallah. The five who confessed had reportedly 
been subjected to brutal torture, including having 
the bones in their hands and feet broken, being 
branded with red-hot irons, and having an 
electric drill applied to their limbs. More recently, 
several students from Amir Kabir University, 
arrested for their participation in demonstrations 
in February 2009 reported having been tortured 
to force them to make confessions, including to 
having had relations with the United States and 
Israel, as well as to an armed opposition group, 
the Mojahedin-e Khalq.

On June 26, cleric Ahmad Khatami gave a 
sermon at the weekly Friday prayers in which he 
reiterated that those who committed the crime of 
"Moharabeh" must be punished severely and 
called for the Judiciary to deal ruthlessly with the 
leaders of the "agitations." This warning fllows on 
an earlier warning on June 17 by the Public 
Prosecutor of Esfahan Province, Mohammad 
Reza Habibi, that the elements who were behind 
the post-election disturbances could face the 
death penalty.


Begin and End Date of this action:  7/5/2009 to 

Mohammad Ali Abtahi

Brief Introduction

After President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was 
declared the winner in the June 12 elections in 
Iran, there were widespread protests against the 
contested election results. The Iranian authorities 
responded with violence and repression. At least 
21 people have been killed and many dozens 
more injured. The Iranian authorities have also 
arrested hundreds of journalists, students, 
opposition politicians and human rights 
activists. Prominent detained _reformist_ 
politicians include Mohammad Ali Abtahi, 
Mostafa Tajzadeh, Mohsen Aminzadeh and 
Abdollah Ramazanzadeh, who served under 
former President Mohammad Khatami and who 
supported candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi in the 
June 12 presidential election . Amnesty 
International is very concerned that these 
_reformist_ political figures who are being held 
in incommunicado detention are at serious risk of 
being torture, especially in order to force them to 
make televised _confessions._ These confessions 
could then be used against them in trials for the 
crime of _moharabeh_ or Enmity with God, 
which could result in death sentences. Leading 
Iranian officials have already made ominous 
threats to deal harshly with those who they have 
said have orchestrated the post-election unrest; 
on Friday June 26 cleric Ahmad Khatami called 
on the judiciary to punish without mercy those 
involved in the demonstrations, accusing them of 
_Moharabeh._ Several people arrested for 
demonstrating have already been put on Iranian 
national television, _confessing_ to having been 
instigated by other governments. The Supreme 
Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei's representative.


Your Excellency,

I am writing to you to express my concern over 
the continued incommunicado detention of 
reformist politicians, including Ali Abtahi, 
Mostafa Tajzadeh, Mohsen Aminzadeh and 
Abdollah Ramazanzadeh. They were all arrested 
in the wake of the disputed 12 June presidential 
election. I am particularly concerned that they 
may be subjected to severe torture in detention, 
possibly to force them to confess to crimes 
against national security.

I am also concerned that hundreds of other 
people - including at least 23 journalists, as well 
as students, political opposition figures, and 
human rights activists - have been detained by 
authorities since 12 June. I am worried that all 
those detained may be subjected to torture or ill-
treatment while in detention.

I urge you to insure that Ali Abtahi, Mostafa 
Tajzadeh, Mohsen Aminzadeh and Abdollah 
Ramazanzadeh are treated humanely in 
detention, that their whereabouts be made 
known, and that they be granted access to their 
families and to their lawyers. Furthermore, they 
are prisoners of conscience, detained solely for 
their perceived views on the outcome of the 
recent presidential election and I therefore urge 
that they be immediately and unconditionally 
released, along with all those detained for 
peacefully expressing their opposition to the 
election results.

Thank you for your attention to this matter.

Sincerely, your name and address.


Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic
Ayatollah Sayed 'Ali Khamenei, The Office of the 
Supreme Leader 
Islamic Republic Street - End of Shahid Keshvar 
Doust Street, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran

Minister of the Interior
Sadegh Mahsouli
Ministry of the Interior
Dr Fatemi Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
Howzeh Riyasat-e Qoveh Qazaiyeh (Office of the 
Head of the Judiciary)
Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave., south of Serah-e 
Jomhouri, Tehran 1316814737, Islamic Republic 
of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency

Minister of Intelligence
His Excellency Gholam Hossein Mohseni Ejeie
Ministry of Information
Second Negarestan Street
Pasdaran Avenue
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Salutation: Your Excellency


18 June 2009 UA 158/09 Fear of Torture and 
other Ill-Treatment

CHINA:  Yusufjan (Yuesefujiang) (m), aged 
27 Memetjan (Maimaitijiang) (m), aged 24 
Yusufjan and Memetjan, both ethnic Uighurs and 
students at Xinjiang University, were detained on 
10 May in Urumqi, capital of Xinjiang Uighur 
Autonomous Region (XUAR) in northwest China. 
There is no information on their current legal 
status or whereabouts and there are fears that 
the men maybe subjected to torture or other 

According to China Aid Association, a US-
based Christian NGO, on 10 May Yusufjan, 
Memetjan, and five other students were holding a 
meeting at Xinjiang University to discuss 
religious issues. Their meeting was broken up by 
two officers from the local internal security police 
force, accompanied by more than ten plain-
clothed men, who led all seven away in 
handcuffs for interrogation.

According to China Aid Association, the five 
other students were held for 15 days and each 
fined 5,000 Yuan (approximately 730 USD) for 
"holding an illegal gathering." This charge and 
the students punishment does not comply with 
Chinese law which suggests that their detention 
was arbitrary and that corruption or 
discrimination may have played a part.

China Aid Association has stated that the 
authorities have threatened Yusufjan and 
Memetjan with severer punishment than that 
received by the five students who were released.


Uighurs are a mainly Muslim ethnic minority 
who are concentrated primarily in the XUAR. 
Since the 1980s, the Uighurs have been the target 
of systematic and extensive human rights 
violations. This includes arbitrary detention and 
imprisonment, incommunicado detention, and 
serious restrictions on religious freedom as well 
as cultural and social rights. Chinese government 
policies, including those that limit use of the 
Uighur language, severe restrictions on freedom 
of religion, and a sustained influx of Han Chinese 
migrants into the region, are destroying customs 
and, together with employment discrimination, 
fuelling discontent and ethnic tensions. Chinese 
government has mounted an aggressive 
campaign that has led to the arrest and arbitrary 
detention of thousands of Uighurs on charges of 
"terrorism, separatism and religious extremism" 
for peacefully exercising their human rights. On 
14 August 2008, Wang Lequan, Communist 
Party Secretary of the XUAR, announced a "life 
and death" struggle against Uighur 

Local authorities maintain tight control over 
religious practice, including prohibiting all 
government employees and children under the 
age of 18, from worshipping at mosques. Torture 
and other ill-treatment are endemic in all forms 
of detention, despite China having ratified the 
UN Convention against Torture in 1988.

appeals to arrive as quickly as possible:

- calling on the authorities to release Yusufjan 
and Memetjan immediately and unconditionally;

- calling on the authorities to provide 
information on their whereabouts, and the 
reasons and legal basis for their detention;

- urging the authorities to guarantee that they 
are not subjected to torture or other ill-treatment 
while in custody;

- urging the authorities to ensure they are 
given access to a lawyer of their choice, their 
families and any medical treatment that they 
may require;

- calling on the authorities to respect and 
protect the right of Uyghurs to enjoy their own 
culture, to practice their religion, and to use their 
own language.

- calling on the authorities to make a clear 
distinction between activities that involve the 
peaceful exercise of civil, political, economic, 
social and cultural rights and those that would 
be internationally recognized as criminal acts.


Prime Minister of the People's Republic of 
Wen Jiabao Guojia Zongli
The State Council General Office
2 Fuyoujie
Beijingshi 100017
Salutation: Your Excellency

Chairman of the Xinjiang Uighur 
Regional People's Government
Nur Bekri Zhuxi
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu Renmin Zhengfu
2 Zhongshanlu
Wulumuqishi 830041
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu
Salutation: Dear Chairman

Director of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous
Regional Department of Public Security
Liu Yaohua Tingzhang
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu Gong'anting
58 Huanghelu
Wulumuqishi 830001
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu
Salutation: Dear Director


Ambassador Wen Zhong Zhou
Embassy of the People's Republic of China
2300 Connecticut Ave. NW
Washington DC 20008

Check with the AIUSA Urgent Action office if 
sending appeals after 30 July 2009.


From Stevi Carroll

Sentenced to death due to police torture
Death Penalty,  United States | Posted by Brian 
Evans, July 10, 2009 at 2:42 PM

On July 7, Ronald Kitchen became a free man.  
Convicted of the murder of five people in 1988, 
he spent over a dozen years on Illinois' death row 
facing execution, until former Governor George 
Ryan commuted his sentence, along with all other 
Illinois death sentences, to life without parole in 
2003.  But his conviction was based on a 
confession he gave to Chicago police after they 
tortured him.  According to Kitchen, he was "hit 
in the head with a telephone, punched in the face, 
struck in the groin and kicked."  Tuesday, all 
charges against him were dropped, and he was 

"If you're getting whooped for over 39 hours 
and you're constantly saying that you didn't do 
it and they're constantly doing what they're 
doing, somewhere along the line you're going to 
realize they're not going to stop unless somebody 
gives in," Kitchen said in a Chicago Sun Times 

Kitchen's wrongful conviction was one of 
many obtained by officers serving under Police 
Commander Jon Burge.  During the 1970s and 
1980s in Chicago, prisoners, mostly African 
American, were routinely tortured and abused 
into giving false confessions.  Amnesty 
International reported on these and other abuses 
ten years ago.  Because the arc of the universe 
bends towards justice, Burge now faces his own 
day in court, though for perjury and obstruction 
of justice charges, not torture.

Kitchen's exoneration came in part thanks to 
the efforts of the Bluhm Legal Clinic at 
Northwestern University; but, despite the clear 
evidence of torture, it still took dozens of people 
years of work to win his freedom.  As the video 
above* makes clear, many others who may be 
equally innocent aren't lucky enough to get that 
kind of support.

*to view, go to

Human Rights / Death Penalty Lawyer 
Arrested in Iran

Death Penalty, Middle East | Posted by Brian 
Evans, June 30, 2009 at 4:14 PM

In the midst of all of the political and social 
turmoil in Iran right now, activist and lawyer 
Mohammad Mostafaei was arrested this 
afternoon and taken away by plainclothes 
officers while out with his wife and daughter. 
The arrest was most likely related to his human 
rights activites connected with the recent 
protests, but he is most well-known for his work 
representing juveniles facing the death penalty.  
The officials searched Mostafaei's home and his 
office after arresting him and then took him away 
to an undisclosed location. His family has not 
been informed of his whereabouts.

Mohammad Mostafaei is a lawyer who, 
among other things, represents those on death 
row who were juveniles at the time of their 
crimes. He currently has 25 such cases. As a 
signitory of the International Convention on Civil 
and Political Rights, Iran has agreed not to 
execute anyone for a crime committed before the 
age of 18, but they have ignored this agreement 
many many times. By Amnesty International's 
count, Iran has executed 18 child offenders since 

Several juvenile offenders are currently at risk 
of execution in Iran, including Mohammad Reza 
Haddadi and Naser Qasemi, and Mehdi 

It is important for the Iranian government to 
know that others are watching how they treat 
their citizens, particularly those who work in 
defense of human rights. And it is important for 
Iranian human rights defenders to have our 
support. Mostafaei is, in many cases, the only 
hope his clients have of being spared their life, 
but there is little that he can do from behind bars. 
Please urge Iranian leaders* to release Mostafaei, 
and to permit others to speak out without fear of 

* for the Urgent Action pdf, go to

Total (all UAs): 34
To add your letters to the total contact

Amnesty International Group 22
The Caltech Y
Mail Code 5-62
Pasadena, CA 91125